Brexit: How to get an EORI Number? Overview of EU Customs Authorities
As I explained in my earlier post on this subject: Brexit Preparations: Get an EORI Number
An EORI number is a European Union registration and identification number for businesses that want to import or export goods into or out of the EU. An EORI number is assigned by the member state where your company is established. Once you have an EORI number, this number will be valid in all other EU member states.
After Brexit, when the UK has left the EU, companies in the UK that want to export to EU countries. The same goes for EU companies that have customers in the UK and currently are only exporting to EU countries.
Different countries have different procedures for getting an EORI number. Please find that information per EU country below, in alphabetical order.
To register for an EORI number, an application must be submitted.
Each economic operator must complete its own registration application; hauliers cannot submit applications for each of their customers.
The registration application must be completed online.
The economic operator will then receive an e-mail with the application information in the form of an EORI application, which must be printed out, signed and returned by post or fax to the customs office responsible for the economic operator’s registered office.
For more information, please see the website of the Austrian Finance Ministry here.
If you are a company or person established in Belgium, please - before submitting an application - verify that you already have an EORI number.
To do this, follow the procedure below:
Example: your CBE number is 0314.595.348
Your EORI number will be BE0314595348 (without spaces, without points)
You follow the link to the European Commission 's public website to verify the validity of EORI numbers
You enter your EORI number (in our example, the EORI number is BE0314595348)
If the message «This EORI number is valid» appears, this means that you already have an existing and valid EORI number. So you do not have to submit a new application.
If the name and address are missing and you still want to make them public, then complete the ADMISSION / EORI / A2 (DOCX, 78.34 KB) form
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the Belgian government website on EORI Registration here.
You can get a unique EORI number in two ways:
1. By paper or hard copy
2. Electronically through the e-Portal of the Customs Agency
Receipt of the EORI number by paper delivery: A form for obtaining the EOPI number, Annex from Ordinance No H-9 of 7.11.2018 on the registers kept by the Customs Agency issued by the Ministry of Finance, promulgated in the State Gazette newspaper no. 94 of 13.11.2018, with attached documents and submitted to the competent customs office.
Receiving an EOPI number electronically through the e-Portal of the Customs Agency: In order to use the electronic service provided by the Customs Agency to obtain an EORI number by electronic means, you need to do the following:
Have a valid, qualified electronic signature as required by Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 on electronic identification and authentication of electronic communications in the internal market and repealing Directive 1999 / 93 / EC and the Electronic Document and Electronic Signature Act;
Have a valid registration in the e-Portal of the Customs Agency for the exchange of information through the use of electronic data processing tools with the Agency, Customs "and the EC central services Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union (DG TAXUD)" and the Customs Agency. The registration is done in the Registration section of the e-Portal of the Customs Agency.
Through the "User and Access Management" service, process "1. Requesting access to the systems (national and central to the EC) "to request an EORI2 service account for the natural or legal person you have registered.
Enter the ERAI Registration Workspace via the "User Management and Access" section of the e-Portal of the Customs Agency in which you can submit the necessary EORI number data.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information, please see the website of the Bulgarian Customs Authority here.
The EORI number is awarded on the basis of the EORI number request.
It is not necessary to enclose identification documents when required by the persons registered in the OIB register, except when the request is filed by a physical person by e-mail when the application is accompanied by copies of both sides of the ID of the signatory.
An applicant who is not registered in the OIB register with the application is obliged to enclose the identification document.
The application is submitted to the customs office by the competent authority according to the place of business of the applicant before commencing the customs activity in which the EORI number is required (see: Where to apply for the EORI number), in person, by mail or by e-mail.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Croatian Customs Authority here.
Republic of Cyprus
In order to register an economic operator from a third country in the EORI Database, it is required that the economic operator is established in the EU. In such case the economic operator is registered by the customs authorities of the Member State that it is established. For registering in the Republic of Cyprus Customs Registry and EORI Database it is required to be established in Cyprus by registering in the case of a legal person, in Cyprus Registrars of Companies and Official Receiver and in the case of a natural person, by having the appropriate residence permit of the Republic of Cyprus acquired by the Civil Registry and Migration Department.
For more information please see the website of the Customs Authority of the Republic of Cyprus here.
The most user-friendly way to apply for registration is via an electronic form. It contains a predefined menu of possible data (codes) to be entered in the relevant boxes and also has control mechanisms in place to prevent the incorrect filling of some boxes.
After completing the application, the application is automatically sent to the customs office of your choice by one of the standard filing methods, which you can also choose - either to the customs office data box or to the customs office e-mail room. The condition for submitting the application through this form is, therefore, the existence of a qualified/guaranteed electronic signature of the applicant.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Czech Customs Authority here.
Companies that wish to carry out goods on a commercial basis must register for registration with the Danish Business Authority before exporting goods for the first time, see § 29, subs. 4 in TDL .
The requirement for registration also applies even if the company intends to export goods only once.
Exporter Registration takes place at the Danish Business Authority and is done electronically on the website virk.dk .
The companies that are registered with a CVR / SE number (eight digits) are usually exporter registered on the same number.
Companies that are or become exporter registered automatically receive their CVR / SE number converted to a special EU number called an EORI number.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Danish Customs Authority here.
A legal representative of a legal entity may apply for a EORI number submitting the respective application electronically in the e-maksuamet/e-toll environment. The application form is accessible in subsections
In the application you are expected to indicate definitely if you agree with making your EORI number, name and address accessible on the European Commission homepage.
Persons who are not registered in the Commercial Register of Estonia and who have the need to apply for an EORI number are required to:
apply for registration with the register of non-residents in Estonia for getting the MRR number,
conclude the contract for using of e-maksuamet/e-toll (e-Tax Board/e-Customs),
submit the application for the EORI registration.
For more information please see the website of the Danish Customs Authority here.
Finnish companies are always registered in Finland. You apply for an EORI number from Customs. Registering for EORI means that Customs assigns the company one EORI number that the company must use to identify itself when transacting with customs authorities in any EU member state.
Finnish applicants are to apply using the EORI application form.
Operators established in third countries (outside the European Union) must use the form in English.
The EU Commission’s EORI Guidance document contains more specific information on registering for EORI and on the application of related legislation.
For more information please see the website of the Finish Customs Authority here.
To obtain an EORI number, you must applicate on the online teleservice SOPRANO EORI which is accessible on pro.douane.gouv.fr
If you use a local clearance procedure, the competent service will be the customs office that manages your accreditation.
If you do not use a clearance procedure, the competent service will be the regional customs information centers(PAE) of the Regional Customs Directorate to which you report. For example, if your business is based in Lille, it will be the PAE of the Lille Regional Directorate.
For more information please see the website of the French Customs Authority here.
The EORI number is assigned upon request and free of charge by the General Directorate of Customs’ Master Data Management office in Dresden (GZD - DO Dresden - Stammdatenmanagement).
To formally apply for assignment of an EORI number, the online operator request (Internetbeteiligtenantrag, IBA) or form 0870 (Operator - Master Data - EORI number) shall be used. The application must bear a legally valid signature and shall be sent together with the necessary supporting documents to GZD - DO Dresden - Stammdatenmanagement by email (as a PDF document file), postal letter or fax.
For more information please see the website of the German Customs Authority here.
The EORI number is a unique number issued by the customs authorities of the Member States on economic entities within their business activities involved in transactions covered by customs legislation.
Once granted, the EORI number to a financial institution, this number will be used by the body in all its dealings with the customs authorities of all Member States of the European Union as a unique identification number.
For more information please see the website of the Greek Customs Authority here.
A general rule is that the application for a customs identification number (VPID) or EORI number is to
be initiated by filling out
- the T34 datasheet for private individuals having a tax identification sign
- the T101 datasheet for private individuals having a tax identification number
- the T101E datasheet for sole proprietors listed in the registry of sole proprietors and having
tax identification numbers
- the T201 / T201T and C / T201TSZ datasheets for economic operators having tax numbers
and handed the document in at the local taxation authority competent in the area where the
applicant’s residence/company seat is located.
For more information please see this document from the Hungarian Customs Authority here.
The EORI online registration service allows you to register for an EORI number online. You can then use this number when you interact with customs authorities in any EU Member State.
Who is the service for?
If you trade with a non-European Union (EU) country, you will need a unique Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) number.
What you need to use the service
To use the service, you will need:
Revenue Online Service (ROS) login details and a valid ROS digital certificate
a registration for customs and excise in ROS.
For more information please see this document from the Irish Customs Authority here.
To obtain an EORI code, Official Participants shall complete a special form (Form 1) - available on the PDMS- which requires the Organizer to communicate to the Revenue Agency the data identifying the Commissioner General.
The EORI code shall be automatically assigned to the Commissioners General of Section on the basis of the data resulting from their registration in the Italian tax system (Tax ID or VAT number attributed by the Revenue Agency). The customs IT system shall record the EORI code in the relevant national database and update the EORI database of the EU.
For more information please see the website of the Italian Customs Authority here.
A person established in the customs territory of the Union may apply only in the Member State of the European Union in which he is established.
A person established outside the customs territory of the Union (a third country person) may apply for an EORI number in the Member State of the European Union where he first carries out customs formalities.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Latvian Customs Authority here.
In order to carry out customs operations, businesses must have an Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number.
The EORI number, which is granted by an EU Member State, is recognized by all the customs authorities of the EU.
In Luxembourg, it is identical to the VAT number. Operators can check if their VAT number can be used as their EORI number on the website of the European Commission.
If not, operators must register with the Customs and Excise Agency.
For more information please see the website of the Luxembourg Customs Authority here.
The Malta Customs Authority assigns a unique identifying number, known as EORI, to each and every trader who interacts with Customs. Traders are required to use this EORI number in all transactions (declarations) lodged by them or on their behalf irrespective of the Member State in which these declarations are lodged. This unique identifying number is valid for use in all Member State.
Traders who wish to register for an EORI number may send an e-mail to: email@example.com or call to our office. They are requested to send/bring their VAT certificate, MFSA certificate, and the ID card or Passport of one of the directors (foreign directors only). Maltese directors are requested to write their full name and ID card number.
For more information please see the website of the Maltese Customs Authority here.
Economic operators can receive the EORI number in two different ways:
Economic operators who have a Legal Entities & Partnerships Identification Number (RSIN in The Netherlands) do not need to officially apply for an EORI number in the Netherlands since they can deduct it themselves. In the Format of EORI number you will find more information about the composition of the EORI number.
However, you can also explicitly apply for an EORI number by completing the EORI number application form. You can also consent to publication of your EORI data on the European EORI website by completing a reply letter.
For more information please see the website of the Dutch Customs Authority here.
The registration process is carried out in the Electronic Business Register System (SZPROT). Applications are submitted via the Electronic Treasury and Customs Services Platform (PUESC) at www.puesc.mf.gov.pl and are serviced in electronic form. In the same way, requests for updating the entity's data or deactivating the EORI number are handled.
The EORI number is assigned as part of the e-Customer service (the link opens a new window in another website) using the Application for registration of the entity data in SISC. The e-Customer service enables clients to register and obtain access to electronic services provided by the Tax and Customs Information System (SISC) via the Electronic Treasury and Customs Services Portal (PUESC).
For more information please see the website of the Polish Customs Authority.
As from 1 July 2009, the EORI system, as provided for in Regulation 312/2009 of 16 April, enters into force in the Community and in the customs administrations of the European Union, with the inherent need of economic operators to identify, in all transactions and customs activities where their identification is required, by a unique identification number (EORI), assigned by the Member State in which they are established, valid throughout the Community. In the Portuguese case, EORI corresponds to the "NIF" of the operator preceded by the "PT" code (example: PT512345678); so operators established in Portugal are exempted from applying for their EORI registration.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Latvian Customs Authority.
In Romania, the competent authority with the registration and assignment of EORI numbers is the General Customs Directorate. EORI numbers will be requested from the regional customs offices within whose territorial jurisdiction the headquarters are/are established or, in exceptional cases, from the border customs offices.
In order to assign the EORI number, the person concerned is required to file an application for registration.
The application is completed and printed in/from the EORI national application. This application is available on the website of the Romanian customs authority.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Romanian Customs Authority here.
An economic operator intending to carry out activities covered by customs legislation must apply for registration by completing the EORI Number Application Form.
Registration takes place electronically, based on a scanned request sent by e-mail along with the necessary documents.
This has been automatically translated to English by Google. For more information please see the website of the Slovakian Customs Authority here.
Initial step. Submission of the application through the Virtual Customs and Excise Office or in writing addressed to any customs and excise office. Formalities. The Customs and Excise Department will grant the requested registration/association after verifying the centralised system managed by the European Commission and verifying that the operator has not previously been registered. End. Granting or denial of the requested registration/association.
The application is not subject to a specific format and does not require any additional documentation except for justification of the power of attorney, if applicable.
For more information please see the website of the Spanish Customs Authority here.
An EORI number consists of an ISO Country code from an EU Member State (2 characters) + a maximum of 15 characters. An EORI number issued in Sweden consists of the country code SE + 10 digits. For operators established in Sweden, the 10 digits generally correspond to the Business Registration Number or, for individuals, the personal identity number - for example SE5512345678.
For operators from a country outside the EU applying for an EORI number in Sweden, the EORI number is formed by:
SE + 10 digits starting with 502 or 302 (operators registered for VAT in Sweden) or
SE + 10 randomly generated digits starting with 444 (other operators).
The supplementary number (2 digits) that Swedish Customs adds to the Business Registration Number or personal identity number is not part of the EORI number. If you wish to refer to an authorisation linked to a supplementary number other than 00, you enter these digits in connection to the EORI number in the import/export declaration.
For more information please see the website of the Swedish Customs Authority here.
To move goods into or out of the EU you need an Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number.
HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) uses this number to identify you and collect duty on your goods.
You may have increased costs and delays if you do not get an EORI number. For example, if HMRC cannot clear your goods you may have to pay storage fees.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, you’ll need an EORI number that starts with GB to move goods into and out of the UK. If you do not already have one, you can apply now, even if you do not use it.
For more information please see the website of the UK Customs Authority here.
If you have any questions, contact one of our customs specialists.