Trade Deals Around the World: July Edition

Handelsverdragen van over de hele wereld: Editie Juli

Kelsey Schenk - Marketing Officer
Kelsey Schenk
Marketing Officer

In de serie “Handelsverdragen van over de hele wereld” geven we je een maandelijkse update waarin je snel kunt lezen wat er gebeurd in de vele onderhandelingen die er gaande zijn op het gebied van handelsverdragen.

Nu steeds meer landen terugkeren naar een (nieuwe) normale manier van werken, zal ook hun focus verschuiven van de interne coronavirus problematiek weer meer terug naar de internationale handel. Als er één land is waar handelsverdragen momenteel een hoge prioriteit hebben dan is dat wel het Verenigd Koninkrijk. 

Het Verenigd Koninkrijk en de Europese Unie

In onze laatste twee Brexit-updates schreven we al over de grootste uitdagingen die er nog zijn in de onderhandelingen. Ook schreven we over wat de volgende stappen zijn, nu de deadline om een verlenging van de transitieperiode aan te vragen officieel is verlopen. Lees meer hierover in de volgende twee artikelen:

Four Years Since Brexit: Where Are We Now?

The Extension Deadline Has Passed. What's Next?

Het Verenigd Koninkrijk en de Verenigde Staten

Er zijn ook grote uitdagingen in de onderhandelingen over een handelsverdrag tussen het Verenigd Koninkrijk en de Verenigde Staten. Volgens SKY News zijn dat op dit moment:

  • Digital Service Tax: Een belasting die sinds April door het Verenigd Koninkrijk wordt opgelegd aan platforms voor sociale media (Facebook, Twitter), zoekmachines (Google) en online marktplaatsen (Amazon).
  • NHS: Trump zou wel eens hogere prijzen kunnen eisen voor medicijnen die geëxporteerd worden naar het Verenigd Koninkrijk
  • Voedsel Standaarden: In het Verenigd Koninkrijk vreest met dat de markt wordt overspoeld met in chloor gewassen kip en rundvlees vol hormonen
  • Klimaat: het Verenigd Koninkrijk wil klimaatneutraal zijn in 2050 en de Verenigde Staten hebben helemaal geen plannen op dat vlak.

 

Het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Canada, of het Pacific Trade Pact

Over zes maanden verloopt het handelsverdrag tussen het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Canada. In plaats van over een nieuw verdrag te onderhandelen, heeft het Verenigd Koninkrijk aangegeven zich aan te willen sluiten bij een verdrag waar Canada al deel van uitmaakt: het  Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Canada was one of the original countries to ratify and implement the CPTPP, which in 2018 began to cut tariffs and introduce common standards among the six members that have ratified the deal to date: Australia, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore and Vietnam.

Brunei, Chile, Malaysia and Peru are also signatories to the agreement but have yet to ratify. 

The United States was one of the original signatories to the deal but pulled out after President Donald Trump took office.

The current 11 members represent 13 per cent of global GDP. Adding the U.K. would bring that figure up to 16 per cent.

Additional members can join the CPTPP, subject to a defined accession process. Notwithstanding Tuesday's statement, the U.K. has not yet served its official notice to request negotiations toward membership, although informal talks with other CPTPP members have been underway for months.

Lees hierover meer in dit CBC artikel.

Het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Japan

De onderhandelingen met Japan zijn ook begonnen. Als deze onderhandelingen nog voor het einde van het jaar moeten worden afgerond, dan is er nog veel werk te verzetten. Sommigen twijfelen aan de haalbaarheid, maar daar is de minister van internationale handel van het Verenigd Koninkrijk Elizabeth Truss er niet één van:

The coronavirus pandemic has prompted the U.K. to reaffirm its commitment to free trade over protectionism, and it is reassessing global supply chains to ensure they are secure and diverse.

"The whole environment of coronavirus has shown how important it is that we work together, that we seek to lower the barriers to trade, that we seek to work with allies in areas like technology, in areas like manufacturing," Truss said.

She added that a trade deal with Japan would signal to the world that the answer to the current economic crisis is "not looking inward, it's actually reaching out across the world and working with like-minded partners."

Lees meer in dit artikel op de website van de Nikkei Asian Review.

Het Verenigd Koninkrijk met Australië en Nieuw Zeeland

Australia and New Zealand are about to begin negotiations on a free trade agreement with the UK in what the Australian trade minister said was “a strong signal of our mutual support for free trade” in a post-Covid-19 world.

….

“As the UK embarks on its next steps post-Brexit, New Zealand is pleased to be among the first countries to negotiate a trade agreement with one of our oldest friends,” Parker said.

New Zealand and Britain had “a close relationship, including strong trade and economic ties, common values and traditions and a shared history”, he said.

The new talks come at a time when Australia is also negotiating a trade agreement with the European Union. Birmingham described the EU as “a massive high income market of almost 450 million people and as a bloc it’s already Australia’s third-largest trading partner and our third largest source of foreign investment”.

Asked whether the UK or EU trade deal was a higher priority for Australia, Birmingham said: “I don’t have any favoured children in that regard – I want to love them both equally.”

He acknowledged that the EU was a much bigger market than the UK but he said the latter was also significant, and had a bigger economy than Australia’s.

Lees meer in dit artikel in The Guardian.

De Europese Unie en Mercosur

Het feit dat het Mercosur handelsverdrag is afgewezen door de Tweede Kamer, betekent ook een bedreiging voor een aantal andere handelsverdragen waar de Europese Unie mee bezig is. De ING Bank schrijft hierover:

The fact that even a typical outward-looking trading nation such as the Netherlands turns more and more away from negotiated free trade deals, shows how the anti-free trade movements in Europe have gained popularity in Europe over the last five years which started with successful campaigns to stop trade and investment negotiations with the US.

Lees hier meer hierover.

Meer nieuws over de Europese Unie en handelsverdragen

The European Union and Mexico have completed the last stage of negotiations for a new trade agreement. The negotiation was started in 2016 and will probably enter into force some months from now, as the text needs to be approved by the Council and Parliament.

Lees hier meer: The EU and Mexico advance their agenda to reach a new trade agreement

Vietnam’s parliament unanimously approved a free-trade agreement with the European Union that will scrap almost all tariffs on goods traded between the bloc and the Southeast Asian country.

Lees hier meer: Vietnam’s National Assembly Approves New Trade Deal With Europe

China and the European Union have not changed their goal of concluding talks regarding the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment in 2020, set after the 21st China-EU leaders’ meeting in Brussels last year, the Ministry of Commerce said on June 4.

Lees hier meer: China-EU trade deal still on track

The US may slap new tariffs on $3.1 billion of exports from France, Germany, Spain and the UK, escalating a trade battle with Europe as the UK’s top trade official ripped the Trump administration for “talking a good game” on free trade while restricting import access.

The new tariffs would affect the price of everything from imported aircraft to French cheese, British gin and German beer, Bloomberg reported Wednesday.

Lees hier meer: US threatens new tariffs on European imports amid escalating trade war

“If Georgia wants to implement a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union faster, we are ready to do so,” Oliver Varhelyi, European Commissioner for Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement told Georgian First Channel, Trend reports.

Lees hier meer: European Commissioner: If Georgia wants to implement a Free Trade Agreement faster, we are ready to do so

Andere handelsverdragen

Chinese officials recently expressed “strong dissatisfaction” with U.S. sanctions that came in response to a new national security bill on Hong Kong, warning that crossing “red lines” and meddling in what China considers its own internal affairs could put the trade deal at risk, The Wall Street Journal first reported on Friday.

Lees hier meer: China Warns U.S. ‘Meddling’ In Hong Kong Could Derail Phase One Trade Deal

Thailand has set up a committee to consider by mid-July whether the country should join a trans-Pacific free-trade agreement, as opposition parties and some business groups say membership could harm the farm and healthcare sectors.

Lees hier meer: Thailand to consider membership of trans-Pacific trade partnership

China and Myanmar sign trade agreement for bananas

India, Australia sign defense, trade deals to bolster ties

Kenya's president says talks on trade deal with U.S. delayed